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Found: 6

In the garden of Sandra and Lewis 2006 rose bushes were growing. Lewis watered half of all the bushes, and Sandra watered half of all the bushes. At the same time, it turned out that exactly three bushes, the most beautiful, were watered by both Sandra and Lewis. How many rose bushes have not been watered?

In a class there are 50 children. Some of the children know all the letters except “h” and they miss this letter out when writing. The rest know all the letters except “c” which they also miss out. One day the teacher asked 10 of the pupils to write the word “cat”, 18 other pupils to write “hat” and the rest to write the word “chat”. The words “cat” and “hat” each ended up being written 15 times. How many of the pupils wrote their word correctly?

a) A square of area 6 contains three polygons, each of area 3. Prove that among them there are two polygons that have an overlap of area no less than 1.

b) A square of area 5 contains nine polygons of area 1. Prove that among them there are two polygons that have an overlap of area no less than \(\frac{1}{9}\).

Peter and 9 other people play such a game: everyone rolls a dice. The player receives a prize if he or she rolled a number that no one else was able to roll.

a) What is the probability that Peter will receive a prize?

b) What is the probability that at least someone will receive a prize?

An incredible legend says that one day Stirling was considering the numbers of Stirling of the second kind. During his thoughtfulness, he threw 10 regular dice on the table. After the next throw, he suddenly noticed that in the dropped combination of points there were all of the numbers from 1 to 6. Immediately Stirling reflected: what is the probability of such an event? What is the probability that when throwing 10 dice each number of points from 1 to 6 will drop out on at least one die?

A cube with side length of 20 is divided into 8000 unit cubes, and on each cube a number is written. It is known that in each column of 20 cubes parallel to the edge of the cube, the sum of the numbers is equal to 1 (the columns in all three directions are considered). On some cubes a number 10 is written. Through this cube there are three layers of \(1 \times 20 \times 20\) cubes, parallel to the faces of the cube. Find the sum of all the numbers outside of these layers.