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Found: 1471

Jane wrote a number on the whiteboard. Then, she looked at it and she noticed it lacks her favourite digit: 5. So she wrote 5 at the end of it. She then realized the new number is larger than the original one by exactly 1661. What is the number written on the board?

Replace letters with digits to maximize the expression: \[NO + MORE + MATH\] (same letters stand for identical digits and different letters stand for different digits.)

Replace the letters with digits in a way that makes the following sum as big as possible: \[SEND +MORE +MONEY.\]

Jane wrote another number on the board. This time it was a two-digit number and again it did not include digit 5. Jane then decided to include it, but the number was written too close to the edge, so she decided to t the 5 in between the two digits. She noticed that the resulting number is 11 times larger than the original. What is the sum of digits of the new number?

a) Find the biggest 6-digit integer number such that each digit, except for the two on the left, is equal to the sum of its two left neighbours.

b) Find the biggest integer number such that each digit, except for the rst two, is equal to the sum of its two left neighbours. (Compared to part (a), we removed the 6-digit number restriction.)

Matt built a simple wooden hut to protect himself from the rain. From the side the hut looks like a right triangle with the right angle at the top. The longer part of the roof has 20 ft and the shorter one has 15 ft. What is the height of the hut in feet?

Tile a \(5\times6\) rectangle in an irreducible way by laying \(1\times2\) rectangles.

Does there exist an irreducible tiling with \(1\times2\) rectangles of

(a) \(4\times 6\) rectangle;

(b) \(6\times 6\) rectangle?

Irreducibly tile a floor with \(1\times2\) tiles in a room that is

(a) \(5\times8\); (b) \(6\times8\).

Having mastered tiling small rooms, Robinson wondered if he could tile big spaces, and possibly very big spaces. He wondered if he could tile the whole plane. He started to study the tiling, which can be continued infinitely in any direction. Can you help him with it?

Tile the whole plane with the following shapes: